I have conducted this project as my doctoral and post-doctoral research at Princeton University (2002 to 2008) and then at Northwestern University (2008-2012). This project has lead to various publication including my first monograph Fallout: Nuclear Diplomacy in an Age of Global Fracture  (Chicago University Press, 2014), and a various articles on the creation of the European Union as a foreign policy actor, or on the expert knowledge practices found in the design of a Weapons of Mass Destruction Free Zone in the Middle East.

Since the Cuban Missile Crisis, thus far, the international community has  succeeded in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations, and this is partly due to the various treaties signed in the 1960s forswearing the use of nuclear technology for military purposes. In Fallout, and in a series of other articles, I explain why some nations agreed to these limitations of their sovereign will—and why others decidedly did not.  I build my investigation around the  signing of the Euratom Treaty and the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), which, though binding in nature, weren’t adhered to consistently by all signatory nations. In particular, I look at Europe’s observance of treaty rules in contrast to the three holdouts in the global nonproliferation regime: Israel, India, and Pakistan. The book not only provides a new perspective on world diplomatic history, but, more significantly, draws important conclusions about potential conditions that could facilitate the inclusion of the remaining NPT holdouts.

In this project, I have also conducted "policy experiments", designed to test whether past legal templates, like the Euratom Treaty, could serve as good reference points to organize discussions in other regions. This more policy-oriented side of my work has also lead to various policy papers, high level policy seminars and even draft treaties prepared for diplomats.

Publications

1.

Fallout: Nuclear Diplomacy in an Age of Global Fracture

Grégoire Mallard, 2014. University of Chicago Press.
Many Baby Boomers still recall crouching under their grade-school desks in frequent bomb drills during the Cuban Missile Crisis—a clear representation of how terrified the United States was of nuclear war. Thus far, we have succeeded in preventing such catastrophe, and this is partly due to the various treaties signed in the 1960s forswearing the use of nuclear technology for military purposes. In Fallout, Grégoire Mallard seeks to understand why some nations agreed to these limitations of their sovereign will—and why others decidedly did not. He builds his investigation around the 1968 signing of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), which, though binding in nature, wasn’t adhered to consistently by all signatory nations. Mallard looks at Europe’s observance of treaty rules in contrast to the three holdouts in the global nonproliferation regime: Israel, India, and Pakistan. He seeks to find reasons for these discrepancies, and makes the compelling case that who wrote treaties and how rules were written—whether transparently, ambiguously, or opaquely—had major significance in how the rules were interpreted and whether they were then followed or dismissed. Mallard not only provides a new perspective on our diplomatic history, but, more significantly, draws important conclusions about potential conditions that could facilitate the inclusion of the remaining NPT holdouts. See reviews by Patrick Roberts, Matthew Kroenig, Ariel Colonomos, , Bruno Tertrais, Florent Pouponneau, and a debate with Julia Adams, Ron Levi, Nitsan Chorev, and Antoine Vauchez (Spring 2015 issue of Trajectories)

12 May 2020

2.

Legal Mimetism or Legal Mimesis? Conceptual and Methodological Reflections on the Study of Norm Diffusion

Grégoire Mallard and Stephanie Hofmann, 2016
Pp. 89-103, in Dissémination et mimétisme en droit international : un regard anthropologique sur la formation des normes, edited by Vincent Negri and Isabelle Schulte-Tenckhoff. Editions Pedone

12 May 2020

3.

From Europe’s Past to the Middle East’s Future: The Constitutive Purposes of Forward Analogies in International Security

Grégoire Mallard, 2017
American Journal of Cultural Sociology, 6(3):532-562

12 May 2020

4.

Dissuasion, non-prolifération, désarmement: Une stratégie pour l’Europe

Grégoire Mallard and Frédéric Mérand, 2011
Pp. 165-176 in Armement et désarmement nucléaires. Un défi pour l’Europe, edited by Christophe Wasinski et Sébastien Boussois. Peter Lang

12 May 2020

5.

The Middle East at a Crossroad: How to Face the Perils of Nuclear Development in a Volatile Region

Grégoire Mallard and Paolo Foradori, 2014
Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations. 24(4): 499-515

12 May 2020

6.

How Claims to Know the Future are Used to Understand the Present: Techniques of Prospection in The Field of National Security

Grégoire Mallard and Andrew Lakoff, 2011
Pp. 339-377 in Social Knowledge in the Making, edited by Charles Camic, Michèle Lamont and Neil Gross. Chicago University Press

12 May 2020

7.

Crafting the Nuclear Regime Complex (1950-1975): Dynamics of Harmonization of Opaque Treaty Rules

Grégoire Mallard, 2014
European Journal of International Law. 25(2):445-472

12 May 2020

8.

Who Shall Keep Humanity's 'Sacred Trust': International Liberals, Cosmopolitans and the Problem of Nuclear Nonproliferation

Grégoire Mallard. 2008
Pp. 82-119 in Global Science and National Sovereignty, edited by Grégoire Mallard, Catherine Paradeise and Ashveen Peerbaye. Routledge

12 May 2020

9.

Global Science and National Sovereignty: A New Terrain for the Historical Sociology of Science

Grégoire Mallard and Catherine Paradeise, 2008
Pp. 1-39 in Global Science and National Sovereignt, edited by Grégoire Mallard, Catherine Paradeise and Ashveen Peerbaye. Routledge

12 May 2020

10.

The Fractal Process of European Integration: A Formal Theory of Recursivity in the Field of European Security

Grégoire Mallard and Martial Foucault, 2011
French Politics, Culture and Society. 29(3): 68-89

12 May 2020

11.

A Treaty Establishing a Community of Atomic Energy in the Middle East: A Proposal with Comments

Grégoire Mallard, 2010 Proposal with an Introduction by Hans Blix
Background Paper of the Nuclear Forum in Cairo (Arab Institute for Security Studies 2011) and of the Nuclear Governance Workshop (European University Institute 2012)

12 May 2020

12.

L'Europe puissance nucléaire, cet obscur objet du désir. Vers une sociologie des tactiques d'énonciations du projet européen

Grégoire Mallard, 2009
Critique Internationale. 42 :141-163

12 May 2020

13.

Can the Euratom Treaty Inspire the Middle East? The Promises of Nuclear Regional Authorities

Grégoire Mallard, 2008
The Nonproliferation Review. 15(3):459-477

12 May 2020

14.

Quand l’expertise se heurte au pouvoir souverain : La nation américaine face à la prolifération nucléaire, 1945-1953

Grégoire Mallard, 2006
Sociologie du Travail. 48(3):367-389

12 May 2020

15.

Author-Meets-Critics on "Fallout" (including Julia Adams, Ron Levi, Antoine Vauchez)

Grégoire Mallard, 2015
Pp. 21-27, Trajectories (Spring), the newsletter of the ASA section on comparative and historical sociology.

12 May 2020

16.

“The Radiance of France Nuclear Power and National Identity after World War II," by Gabrielle Hech

Grégoire Mallard, 2010
Metascience 19(3):467-474

12 May 2020

17.

"Science for the Empire: Scientific Nationalism in Modern Japan," by Hiromi Mizuno

Grégoire Mallard, 2009
Canadian Journal of Sociology. 34(3):930-2

12 May 2020

18.

“Rationalizing Capitalist Democracies” by S.M. Amadae.

Grégoire Mallard, 2005
Critique Internationale. 26(1): 161-166.

12 May 2020

19.

France’s Return to NATO : What should be Europe’s Strategy ?

Grégoire Mallard and Frédéric Mérand, May 2009 Canada-Europe Transatlantic Dialogue

12 May 2020