I have conducted this multifaceted project with Jérôme Sgard from 2012 up to 2016, with the support of Northwestern University and SciencesPo Paris, and with Pierre Pénet. This project has lead to various publications, and has participated in creating an interdisciplinary discussion among sovereign debt specialists who now regularly meet as part of the "DebtCon" conferences.

Contractual Knowledge: One Hundred Years of Legal Experimentation in Global Markets (Cambridge University Press, 2016), extends the scholarship of law and globalization in two important directions. First, it provides a unique genealogy of global economic governance by explaining the transition from English law to one where global exchanges are primarily governed by international, multilateral, and finally, transnational legal orders. Second, it explores micro-level aspects of market exchanges, including how and by whom contracts were designed and exactly who (experts, courts, arbitrators, or international organizations) interpreted, upheld, and established the legal validity of these rules.

Various articles and book chapters on the politics of sovereign debt have also come out from this project, including articles on the role of anticipatory knowledge practices by credit rating agencies and central banks in the 2008 sovereign debt crisis, particularly in Europe. Other publications include the historical analysis of debates on sovereign debt crises in the 1920s in Europe.



Gift Exchange: The Transnational History of a Political Idea

Grégoire Mallard, 2020. Cambridge University Press.
Since Marcel Mauss published his foundational essay The Gift in 1925, many anthropologists and specialists of international relations have seen in the exchange of gifts, debts, loans, concessions or reparations the sources of international solidarity and international law. A century after Mauss, we may ask: what is the relevance of his ideas on gift exchanges and international solidarity? By tracing how Mauss's theoretical and normative ideas inspired prominent thinkers and government officials in France and Algeria, from Pierre Bourdieu to Mohammed Bedjaoui, Grégoire Mallard adds a building block to our comprehension of the role that anthropology, international law, and economics have played in shaping international economic governance from the age of European colonization to the latest European debt crisis. This title is also available as Open Access on Cambridge Core

12 May 2020